walrus facts
Walruses are easily recognizable marine animals due to their long tusks, obvious whiskers, and wrinkled brown skin. A 3-4 week clerkship for veterinary students wanting to augment their knowledge and experience in non-domestic animal medicine. It is a keystone species in Arctic marine ecosystems. Walruses are marine mammals that can be easily identified by their long tusks, wiry moustaches, big flat flippers and blubber filled bodies. Every year, they cover 1,863 miles in migration. University of California Press. Walrus aren’t called the Giants or Kings of the Arctic for no reason! These ever growing gatherings can be deadly, especially for young calves. There is disagreement over the classification of the taxonomic group Pinnipedia. II. Walruses have large, flabby bodies covered in brown or pink skin. Discover more fascinating facts about walruses, the largest pinniped. Are walrus endangered? Browse our extensive collection of zoological career infobooks including animal training, animal rescue and rehabilitation and zoo careers. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1992. All of the walruses though seem to have a high level of communication. Download free teacher guides to keep students learning in a hands-on way: includes vocabulary, classroom activities, goals and objectives. During one season, it may eat 3,000 to 6,000 clams. Walruses prefer feeding at the bottom of shallow waters, eating clams, molluscs, worms, snails, crustaceans and sea cucumbers. Their whiskers are very sensitive and help the walruses find their favorite meals, such as clams, way down in the deep, dark ocean floor. To locate food, walruses use their vibrissae (whiskers). Jennifer Kennedy, M.S., is an environmental educator specializing in marine life. The primary functions of the walruses' prominent tusks seem to be aiding in hauling out on ice and rocky shores and in establishing social dominance. Sign up to be kept informed about our conservation work and how you can help such as fundraising, campaigning and events. They often feed on the ocean bottom ​and use their whiskers (vibrissae) to sense their food, which they suck into their mouths in a swift motion. The walrus' other characteristic features are equally useful. She serves as the executive director of the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation. The walrus is easily recognised by its sheer size and magnificent tusks. It has three subspecies: Atlantic Walrus, Pacific Walrus and O. r. laptevi. Let us now read fascinating walrus facts and information. They form very large herds that have a hierarchy that is set up overall as well as for sub groups. Walruses have wrinkled brown and pink skin, long, coarse whiskers, flat flippers, and lots of blubber on their bodies to keep them warm in the cold Arctic water. Adopt an animal today and help protect some of our most endangered wildlife and support other vital work around our planet. The skin of a walrus is very thick. Humans have taken walruses into captivity mainly for entertainment and aquariums, however sometimes they are kept for research and other purposes. They depend on those layers of ice to offer them a place to rest. This page is part of our Arctic Animals series. Grizmek's Encyclopedia of Mammals. Abrasion patterns of the tusks show that they are dragged through the sediment, but are not used to dig up prey. The gestation period is made longer by a period of delayed implantation, in which the fertilized egg takes three to five months to implant into the uterine wall. Vol. Walruses have young fairly infrequently, so it is vital for them to protect their offspring. Marine Mammals of the World. Unlike Pacific walruses, Atlantic walruses prefer to rest ashore, as most feeding grounds in the Atlantic are closer to land. Crazy about roller coasters? Our overarching zoological mission is to foster conservation awareness and to impart action on our park guests to preserve wild animals and wild places. Tasty. But they do not reproduce until they reach 15 years of age. Tusks are actually two canine teeth of the animal’s upper jaw and they keep on growing until for about 15 years. The Atlantic and Pacific – which both occupy different areas of the Arctic. (ed.). It is closely related to eared and true seals. Many things have been learned by observing the walruses that are in captivity. SeaWorld Education Department Publication. This comes from the Latin words for "tooth-walking sea-horse." Males ar… https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/walrus.html. Yet we have to remember that they may not be the same as what would occur in the wild. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. When the massive mammals haul … Mating season occurs between December and March. There is still plenty that we don’t know about the walrus. Walrus habitat, feeding, reproduction, anatomy, habitat, communication, predators and social structure. FAO Species Identification Guide. View our Cookie Policy for more information, Sign up to get the latest WWF news delivered straight to your inbox. During this time, sea ice may retreat so far offshore that walruses retreat to coastal areas, rather than floating ice. It is considered by some as its own order, and by others as an infra-order under the order Carnivora. At SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, we extend our commitment to the environment beyond our company by supporting a variety of conservation groups and programs. Walruses have wrinkled brown and pink skin, long, coarse whiskers, flat flippers, and lots of blubber on their bodies to keep them warm in the cold Arctic water. Many people find the walrus to be one of the most fascinating animals in the world. They take care of them for about two years before they go out on their own. The walrus's scientific name is Odobenus rosmarus. It is a keystone species in Arctic marine ecosystems. The weight of a small car! (ed.). They use these tusks to help them haul themselves out of the water and onto sea ice. Here you’ll find many interesting walrus facts for kids. Taken with tigers? Walruses need ice for hauling out, resting, giving birth, nursing, molting, and protecting themselves from predators. During the winter, blubber may account for one-third of a walrus's total body mass. There are around 400 to 700 whiskers (or mustaches) located on its mouth. New York: Random House, 2002. There is basic information about this issues and others related to walrus conservation. Berkeley and Los Angeles. Both male and female walruses have tusks, although a male's can grow to 3 feet in length, while a female's tusks grow to about 2 1/2 feet. It has hairless and triangle-shaped flippers. These walruses use sea ice for resting between feeding bouts, breeding, giving birth and nursing their young, as well as for shelter from rough seas and predators. National Audubon Society: Guide to Marine Mammals of the World. Come face-to-face with the wonders of wildlife through species-focused episodes and related classroom activities. They also have a desire for physical contact with each other. Fast Facts Description Walruses are very distinctive having a large, robust, fusiform body that is usually reddish-brown in color. They feed on the shallow continental shelf in the Chukchi Sea. Walruses give birth after a gestation period of about 15 months. There ​are one species and two subspecies of walrus, all living in cold regions in the Northern Hemisphere. Hence, less sea ice means fewer, crowded resting spaces and further away from their feeding grounds. Walruses can use their tusks to help haul themselves up onto the ice, which is likely where this reference came from. Webber. Their tusks are also used for fighting with other walruses, and defence against predators. The Sierra Club Handbook of Seals and Sirenians. Facts about Walruses . Learn more amazing facts about these amazing creatures in this video from National Geographic Kids. The mother nurses her calf for 2 years. Melting sea ice means more Pacific walruses are resting on land, further from their feeding grounds. Walruses spend about two-thirds of their lives in the water. The walrus was once threatened by commercial hunting, but today the biggest danger it faces is climate change. Since the people that live in the area of the walrus tend to be protective of them and to depend on them for meat, they don’t often engage in behaviors that will harm them such as releasing harmful chemicals into the water where they live. Male Pacific walruses can reach 3.6 m long and weigh over 1,500kg (that’s 1.5 tonnes!). However, it may look like pale-white in cold water. Hence, less sea ice means fewer, crowded resting spaces and further away from their feeding grounds. There are three subspecies of walrus: They can slow down their heartbeat to withstand the chilly water temperatures and to help them stay under water for as long as ten minutes. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. For example males are separate from females and those with offspring to care for are separate herds for that period of time as well. They also use their tusks to break breathing holes into ice from below. Receive information about animals, environment, nature and our planet. Jefferson, T.J. Leatherwood, S. and M.A. 2. Learn more about the Seasonal Camp Counselor program at SeaWorld. As the world climate warms, there is less availability of sea ice, especially in the summer. Walruses feature front and back flippers that help them to swim as well as to move around on land. Most walruses live where the air temperature is about -15° to 5°C (5° to 41°F). We use cookies to analyse how visitors use our website and to help us provide the best possible experience for users. The walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) is a large marine mammal found inhabiting the freezing cold and icy waters of the Arctic Circle.. Walruses are pinnipeds.The word pinniped means fin or flipper-footed and refers to the marine mammals that have front and rear flippers.


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