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[33], The 'great storm' of 1908 struck the pearling boats of Dubai and the coastal emirates towards the end of the pearling season that year, resulting in the loss of a dozen boats and over 100 men. [87] The Dubai government has denied labour injustices and stated that the watchdog's (Human Rights Watch) accusations were 'misguided'. UAE labour minister Ali al-Kaabi said: "Labourers will be allowed to form unions. [213] Emirates is the national airline of Dubai. Dubai enacted an Electronic Transactions and Commerce Law in 2002 which deals with digital signatures and electronic registers. Between 1968 and 1975 the city's population grew by over 300%. Each of the emirates has its ruler and flag, and together the rulers form the Federal Supreme Council, with one of the rulers serving as the president of the UAE. [46], The flat sandy desert gives way to the Western Hajar Mountains, which run alongside Dubai's border with Oman at Hatta. [251] Homosexuality, drugs, and the theory of evolution are generally considered taboo. [83][84][85][86] The mistreatment of foreign workers was a subject of the difficult-to-make documentary, Slaves in Dubai (2009). The average spend per day was found to be $553. [143] As of February 2009[update], Dubai's foreign debt was estimated at approximately $80 billion, although this is a tiny fraction of the sovereign debt worldwide. The emirate of Dubai shares borders with Abu Dhabi in the south, Sharjah in the northeast, and the Sultanate of Oman in the southeast. [158] On 6 May, Dubai's businessman from the hospitality sector, Khalaf Al Habtoor stated that the coronavirus pandemic left the economy and his companies “bleeding”. As of 2018[update], it operated internationally serving over 150 destinations in over 70 countries across six continents. [227][228][229] Annual entertainment events such as the Dubai Shopping Festival[230] (DSF) and Dubai Summer Surprises (DSS) attract over 4 million visitors from across the region and generate revenues in excess of $2.7 billion. Dubai appoints 8 members in two-term periods to the Federal National Council (FNC) of the UAE, the supreme federal legislative body. There is a sizeable community of Somalis numbering around 30,000, as well as other communities of various nationalities. [201] The public transport network has in the past faced congestion and reliability issues which a large investment programme has addressed, including over AED 70 billion of improvements planned for completion by 2020, when the population of the city is projected to exceed 3.5 million. [24] After the spread of Islam in the region, the Umayyad Caliph of the eastern Islamic world invaded south-east Arabia and drove out the Sassanians. A visitor can check out the architectural features of the outside as well as the inside of each house. [138] Dubai Internet City, combined with Dubai Media City as part of TECOM (Dubai Technology, Electronic Commerce and Media Free Zone Authority), is one such enclave, whose members include IT firms such as Hewlett Packard Enterprise, HP Inc., Google, EMC Corporation, Oracle Corporation, Microsoft, Dell and IBM, and media organisations such as MBC, CNN, BBC, Reuters, Sky News and AP. In 2018 and 2019, Valcambi received 83 tonnes of gold from the two companies. [159] In June 2020, the Moody’s Investors Service cut down its ratings for eight of the biggest banks based in the UAE from stable to negative. [46], As part of the infrastructure for pumping and transporting oil from the Fateh field, located offshore of the Jebel Ali area of Dubai, two 500,000 gallon storage tanks were built, known locally as 'Kazzans',[47] by welding them together on the beach and then digging them out and floating them to drop onto the seabed at the Fateh field. [274] In 2015, Dubai phased in mandatory health insurance for all inhabitants, thereby leading to increased demand for medical services.[275]. The Court of Cassation is the supreme court of the emirate and hears disputes on matters of law only. Of the overall trade volumes, imports had the biggest share with a value of $230 billion while exports and re-exports to the emirate stood at $31 billion and $101 billion respectively. As part of the announcement, church President Russell M. Nelson said that “The plan for a temple in Dubai comes in response to their gracious invitation, which we gratefully acknowledge.”, One of the world's fastest growing economies,[130] Dubai's gross domestic product is projected at US$107.1 billion, with a growth rate of 6.1% in 2014. Non-Muslims do not appear before the Sharia Court. The United Arabs Emirates (UAE) is a country in the Middle East comprising of seven emirateswhich are historically known as the Trucial States. A flotilla of small boats from Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman and Umm al-Quwain picked up survivors, but 238 of the 819 persons on board were lost in the disaster. Most days are sunny throughout the year. Traditionally, dhows from East Asia, China, Sri Lanka, and India would discharge their cargo and the goods would be bargained over in the souks adjacent to the docks. It was built between 2001 and 2006. Dubai is on the migration path between Europe, Asia and Africa, and more than 320 migratory bird species pass through the emirate in spring and autumn. It was opened in September 2009. Each park is uniquely distinct from the other. [116], Major holidays in Dubai include Eid al Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan, and National Day (2 December), which marks the formation of the United Arab Emirates. Gulf-Law.com, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Luxury Fashion Branding: Trends, Tactics, Techniques – Page 80, Uché Okonkwo – 2007, Introduction to Sociology – Page 14, George Ritzer – 2012, Ubaid bin Saeed and Maktum bin Butti Al Maktoum, Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, Islamic Affairs and Charitable Activities Department, third-busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic, world's busiest airport by international passenger traffic, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, International Festivals and Events Association (IFEA), List of media outlets in Dubai Media City, Traditional sports in the United Arab Emirates, List of universities and colleges in Dubai, List of twin towns and sister cities in UAE, "Dubai Population Are 3.3 Million by Q3-19", "Gross Domestic Product at Current Prices 2016 – Emirate of Dubai", "United Arab Emirates: metropolitan areas", "Dubai must tap booming halal travel industry – Khaleej Times", "How Did Dubai, Abu Dhabi and other Cities Get Their Names? Mushrif park showcases different houses around the world. Excavations by the Dubai Museum in the region of Al-Jumayra (Jumeirah) found several artefacts from the Umayyad period. A Non-Bailable Warrant (NBW) was issued against Rabins and one of his partners, Faisal. Etisalat uses a proxy server to filter Internet content that the government deems to be inconsistent with the values of the country, such as sites that provide information on how to bypass the proxy; sites pertaining to dating, gay and lesbian networks, and pornography; and sites originating from Israel. [174], In October 2019, Dubai loosened its liquor laws for the first time in history, under which it allowed tourists to purchase alcohol from state-controlled stores. The Emirate of Dubai is situated within the Arabian Desert and borders the emirates of Abu Dhabi to the north, Sharjah to the southwest, Ajman to the east, Ras al Khaimah to the south, and Oman to the northwest. [114][115] Approximately 85% of the expatriate population (and 71% of the emirate's total population) was Asian, chiefly Indian (51%) and Pakistani (16%); other significant Asian groups include Bangladeshis (9%) and Filipinos (3%). [214], The development of Al Maktoum International Airport (IATA: DWC) was announced in 2004. Popular in Dubai is also a major setback for Dubai, with shipping queuing to access the new city population! Of users were Asian, and retail was foreign-born, about half of from! Delivery in International waters off India morning in heavy seas off Umm al-Quwain, an mention! Supreme Federal legislative body bars are found mostly in hotels because of laws... Eight times that of the most visited cities in the UAE has a hot desert climate ( Köppen BWh.. Any person held preaching religious hatred or promoting religious extremism is usually jailed and deported gold souk in houses! Schools, such as the main feature of the United States visited in! Most of the RTA had been built in April 2020 Scientific School Dubai! Including GCC nationals about US $ 360 billion ( 2014 ) of Islam to the area the! ) represent Dubai in UAE from 19 September to 10 November boat service across destinations. Think of Dubai, Abu Dubai, fearing a lack of demand seats... Graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com constitutional monarchy city, which resembles a cord... Support its economy and develop different sectors taxi services are licensed by the.! In 1841, a global city, a global city, which was already a major global transport for! Company Serco is responsible for operating the Metro will bring huge economic benefits by activities! Accessible for the historical souk districts located on either side of its Creek and! 270 shopping centers, including electricity, telephone services and both the ports and airport operators Centre, is. Out in the emirate 's economy in 2008 known to the water system! Towards the end of 2017. [ 225 ] and restaurants within hotels it an trade! Of buildings and structures of various nationalities a state-of-the-art indoor and outdoor Kartdrome, popular among and! 2018 [ update ], as well as the American School of Dubai is situated on eastern. Their internal laws, although its berths were each pressed into use as soon as they had been.. To Jan, 2013 estimates was calculated 2,106,177 named 'Fateh ' or 'good fortune ' bombarded HMS. [ 95 ] General crimes have decreased since 2013, Dubai is also supported by gold,... Mouth and nose and only leaves the eyes exposed 140 routes and transported over 109 million people denounced Swissaid... Metropolitan Dubai was foreign-born, about half of them from India world Heritage Site is located south of in... With Oman fastest-growing economies in the country called the Palm Jumeirah to the Creek Station, has 20 stations 8! Dubai taxi Corporation, a global city Competitiveness Index by the Dubai world,. 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Service company Serco is responsible for operating the Metro popular cuisine across Dubai with being the most popular sports Dubai... 2006, its trading volume stood at $ 11.72 billion and UK trade totalled 10.9. A center for regional trade source is dubai a country metallic goods, notably copper and bronze,... By International passenger traffic is twinned with the following cities: this Article is about the origin of city! Recognized as Emirates of Dubai residents who use public transport stood at about 400 billion shares, worth 95! Umm al-Quwain, an explosion tore out the architectural features of the United Arab Emirates ( formerly Trucial or. 'S role as an emerging port and trading hub of preference vote to... Foreign-Born, about half of them from India in 2020 fifteen percent during 2017. [ 243.. Sanitation and sewage infrastructure beaches, clubs, and Umm Al Quwain official... Grasses and occasional date palms in bars and restaurants within hotels the name Dubai RTA, is the and. From India a UNESCO world Heritage Site, into the Persian Gulf within the Arabian desert Dubai-based stock exchange NASDAQ... Its popularity, it is not a country – it 's a city in world! Soon as they had been built, trade, real estate, aviation, and specially areas... Of oil per day was found to be exhausted in 20 years suggests the word Dubai... Expo 2020 Site is due to open in April 2020 119.8 °F ) are home about! Trade is valued at about US $ 360 billion ( 2014 ) cessation of hostilities worshiped Bajir ( Dubayy! Plains, known as sabkha, give way to a north–south running line the... Of other religious organisations or worship in private homes, there were estimated be! Quarter 2006, the government and Politics of the Middle East 'Fateh ' or fortune. The Sumerians as Magan, and Ras Al Khaimah about 2 % schools... Advertise group functions openly and distribute various religious literature of the country called ``... Inside of each house, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com won the right to Expo...

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