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The throne for the hottest chili has changed hands over the past decade with numerous farmers across the world experimenting with new practices and techniques meant to produce hotter and spicier chilies. Chilies are ranked using the Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) scale which quantifies the level of heat units per unit of dry mass in pepper by measuring the concentration of capsaicinoids. The list of the hottest peppers in the world is growing all the time. Clocking in at 1.041.427 SHU, this popular chilli lies at about 2,140,000 SHUs away from the current *unofficial* top-spot holder, the Pepper X. The pepper has an average SHU of 1.64 million with some peaking at almost 2.2 million SHU. Symptoms from eating one of these raw include hiccups, sweating, and numbness, and it is up to 800 times hotter than a jalapeño pepper. From 2004 onwards, the news turned to the world’s hottest chili. The “scorpion” name comes from the pepper being curved and resembling the stinger on a scorpion, though it really looks more like a human intestinal tract. #12 – Bedfordshire Super Naga 1,120,000 SHU. The Chocolate Habalokia is a cross between a Bhut Jolokia and the Chocolate Habanero. There are 25 recognized wild varieties and between 2,000 to 3,000 cultivars grown across the world. All rights reserved. HOT CHILLI GROWERS ARE in an arms race to produce the hottest varieties – the sorts of chillies so explosive that they have to be handled with protective gear. Mature plant. Chilies get their kick from the phytonutrient called capsaicin which attaches to the taste bud TRPV1 receptors that detect scalding heat and send spicy heat signals to the brain. It is a hybrid of Capsicum chinense and Capsicum frutescens and is closely related to the Naga Morich.. Chilies are also effective in clearing congestion and nasal passages which helps one to breathe with more ease. Here are some of the chillies to beware of – or confront – grown by the Clifton Chilli Club, Bristol and measured on the Wilbur Scoville’s scale of heat, Fri 22 Jan 2016 04.44 EST Since the new millennium, the events surrounding the world’s hottest chili have been in full swing. It is an unstable three-way hybrid produced from the Naga Morich, the Bhut Jolokia and the Trinidad Scorpion. No, the Ghost Pepper is NOT the hottest pepper in the world. The Carolina Reaper is gnarled and red with a tail that is small and pointed, and it is a cross between the Red Habanero and the Pakistani Naga. 30-day-old Carolina Reaper plant. First published on Mon 12 Jan 2015 09.00 EST, Photograph: The Oxfordshire Chilli Garden/Alamy, Available for everyone, funded by readers. The hottest chilli pepper is Smokin Ed's 'Carolina Reaper', grown by Ed Currie of PuckerButt Pepper Company (USA), which rates at an average of 1,641,183 Scoville Heat Units (SHU), according to tests conducted by Winthrop University in South Carolina, USA, throughout 2017. The World’s Hottest Chilli – Bhut Jolokia One seed from a Bhut Jolokia (Hottest Chilli in the World) can sustain intense pain sensations in the mouth for up to 30 minutes before subsiding. The pepper held the Guinness World Record for the hottest chili in the world in 2011 after beating the infinity pepper, but it lost the title the following year. Mongoose Hot Sauce This sauce is a 3,000,000 on the ‘Scoville Scale’ (a scale for determining heat in taste) and is 600 times hotter than a jalapeño! The capsaicin found in chilies is known to contain a Neuropeptide that is associated with anti-inflammatory properties that help control auto-inflammatory diseases such as arthritis and rheumatoid. Pungency. The Naga Viper was created in England by chilli farmer Gerald Fowler of The Chilli Pepper Company, based in Cark, Cumbria. Taking a small bite of the Bhut Jolokia will cause watering eyes and a runny nose as well as a burning sensation in the mouth that can last upto 5 hrs! Growers are producing hotter and hotter hybrids with hopes of pushing the Scoville Heat Scale limits. The 7-Pot Habanero gets its name from the fact that the fierce spiciness from just one of these adds enough heat for seven family-size cooking pots of food. It was briefly the “World’s Hottest Chilli” in 2011 according to the Guinness World Records. It held the World Record for the world’s hottest chili pepper for two weeks in 2011; before it was ousted by the Naga Viper chili. 1,382,118 SHU Briefly the world’s hottest chilli in 2011, the Viper is a hybrid of other super-hots, including the Ghost Chilli and the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion. Extremely harmful unless taken in small doses. The UK’s largest chilli grower, Salvatore Genovese, whose farm is in Blunham in the county of Bedfordshire, produces 500,000 chilli peppers every week. The Peach Ghost Scorpion packs over 750,000 SHU and is a cross between the Bhut Jolokia (also called Ghost Pepper) and the Trinidad Scorpion. The pepper held the Guinness World Record for the hottest chili in the world in 2011 after beating the infinity pepper, but it lost the title the following year. World's hottest chilli The Carolina Reaper delivers an average of 1,569,300 Scoville Heat Units (SHU) As a comparison jalapeno peppers score between 2,500 to 8,000 SHU The Naga Viper boasts of containing about 900,000 to 1.38 million SHU and is a cross between three hot chilies, namely the Naga Morich, ghost pepper, and the Trinidad Naga Morich. The primary ingredient of Naga sauce is the world’s third hottest chilli; the bhut jolokia or ‘ghost’ pepper. 1. The chili is known for its fruity taste that quickly changes to spicy and hot. Chilies can come in various degrees of heat intensity, which is measured on what is called the Scoville Heat Unit scale. The pepper is so popular in the UK due to the heated flavor it adds to food. Chilies come in various sizes, colors, and shapes as well as varying levels of pungency, which makes classification a daunting undertaking for an amateur botanist. The Carolina Reaper was named the world's hottest chili in 2013. Chilies have numerous health benefits, including helping blood circulation by thinning the blood, and preventing strokes to a significant degree. The pepper has the slow burn of the ghost pepper and the heat of a scorpion pepper. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on November 25 2020 in Environment. Is the Ghost Pepper the Hottest Pepper in the World? In the last five years, five different varieties have taken out Guinness World Records for the hottest chilli – and the most recent to claim the title was produced right here in Australia. The ghost pepper, also known as bhut jolokia (which literally means Bhutanese chili in Assamese), is an interspecific hybrid chili pepper cultivated in Northeast India. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Venus: the Hottest Planet in the Solar System, The 10 Coldest Cities In The United States. The Naga Viper boasts of containing about 900,000 to 1.38 million SHU and is a cross between three hot chilies, namely the Naga Morich, ghost pepper, and the Trinidad Naga Morich. Even before the year 2000, sharpness values of one million Scoville chilies were unimaginable. The chili matures from green to a chocolatey color and contains an impressive 800,000 SHU. Mature plant. © 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. 65+ Peppers Ranked by Scoville Heat Units World's Hottest Peppers by SHU This variant of pepper initially from Trinidad and Tobago gets its name from its scorpion-like tail. One seed from a Bhut Jolokia (Hottest Chilli in the World) can sustain intense pain sensations in the mouth for up to 30 minutes before subsiding. In 2017, Guinness World Records declared it the hottest chili pepper in the world, surpassing the previous record holder, the Trinidad Scorpion "Butch T". It was created by Joy and Michael Michaud of Dorset, England by handpicking only the best seeds of the Naga Morich and growing them exclusively, continuing this process over the course of a few years, thus creating the Dorset Naga. The mean-looking pepper was initially named the HP22B. Winner of the Guinness World Records for hottest chili pepper in 2011, the Trinidad Scorpion remains no joke. 2. The Dorset Naga contains 1 to 1.6 SHU. Read more about the Clifton Chilli Club and their taste for adventure. Other varieties may be spicier, such as Dragon's Breath or Pepper X but are not officially confirmed with a Scoville scale higher than the Carolina Reaper. The pepper is folded and round, sort of looking like a human brain. The Trinidad Moruga Scorpion contains about 1.2 to 2 million SHU. The world's hottest chili can change from year to year as farmers continue to experiment with ways to create newer, hotter chilies. The 7-Pot Habanero contains 1 to 1.35 million SHU. The smallest amount of Bhut Jolokia can flavour a sauce so intensely it’s barely edible. The pepper is famed for the excellent fruity flavor that accompanies the heat of the pepper. Do you dare to take on the burn of a fearsome Carolina Reaper? The chili is originally from the United Kingdom and is a subspecies of the Naga Morich. The pepper went into the Guinness World Records in 2013 for being the world hottest chili in the world after surpassing the Trinidad Scorpion. 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