Mike Greenberg
In fact, we might quote scores of examples among the pioneers of America, in Swiss, German, Russian, and in certain French villages; or the work done in Russia by gangs (artels) of masons, carpenters, boatmen, fishermen, etc., who undertake a task and divide the produce or the remuneration among themselves, without it passing through the intermediary of middlemen. In the United States the progress is still more striking. It was, first, the equalization of fortunes, by means of an income tax and succession duties, both heavily progressive, as also by a direct confiscation of the land in order to subdivide it, and by heavy war taxes levied upon the rich only. It is a festival of labour, in which a hundred people do work in a few hours that would not have been finished in a few days had they worked separately. And in two or three months the early crops will relieve the most pressing wants, and provide food for a people who, after so many centuries of expectation, will at least be able to appease their hunger and eat according to their appetite. This kind of culture spreads every year, and whereas agriculturists in the south of France and on the fertile plains of Western America are content with an average crop of 11 to 15 bushels per acre by extensive culture, they reap regularly 39 even 55, and sometimes 60 bushels per acre in the north of France. Moreover, the art of printing, that has so little progressed since Gutenberg, is still in its infancy. Stay where you are, but rent free. In the American prairies (which, however, only yield meagre spring wheat crops, from 7 to 15 bushels an acre, and even these are often marred by periodical droughts), 500 men, working only during eight months, produce the annual food of 50,000 people. In fact, the time is not far off when Lyons will only send higher class goods and a few novelties as patterns to Germany, Russia, and Japan. Maybe fewer waste-sheets will be published; but the matter printed will be more attentively read and more appreciated. We know beforehand that all that any man, or group of men, could suggest to-day would be far surpassed by the reality when it comes. Before such an irresistible force “conspiring kings” will be powerless. Let us not be disheartened if here and there its steps should move less rapidly. One hour’s work of a sewerman would be worth, they say, two hours of a professor’s work. The so-called practical objections are not very formidable either. Commerce seems an exception to this rule. and 1s. (Swan Sonnenschein.) Moreover, it is impossible to carry on mercantile production in everybody’s interest. It is necessary to remark that raw material reaches these factories in about the same state as it comes from the fields, and that the transformations gone through by the piece before it is converted into goods are completed in the course of these 17 hours. The methods of cultivation are known. [5] After that rent had to be paid, though Paris was in a state of chaos, and industry at a standstill; so that the revolutionist had absolutely nothing to depend upon but his allowance of fifteen pence a day! It is told of Rothschild that, seeing his fortune threatened by the Revolution of 1848, he hit upon the following stratagem: “I am quite willing to admit,” said he, “that my fortune has been accumulated at the expense of others, but if it were divided to-morrow among the millions of Europe, the share of each would only amount to five shillings. Industry and finance would be at a deadlock, yet a return to the first principles of justice would not have been achieved, and society would find itself powerless to construct a harmonious whole. The rock-walls in the valleys are laid out in terraces and covered with vines bearing golden fruit. Heinemann.) We should have to wait long — till the return of reaction, in fact! When they asked that labour should be organized, the reply was: “Patience, friends, the Government will see to it; meantime here is your 1s. He has exploited nobody.”. But these men, who would be happy to become hardy pioneers in so many branches of wealth-producing activity, must stay their hands because the owners of the soil, the mines, and the factories prefer to invest their capital — stolen in the first place from the community — in Turkish or Egyptian bonds, or in Patagonian gold mines, and so make Egyptian fellahs, Italian exiles, and Chinese coolies their wage-slaves. And we may say that all have the right to live, to satisfy their needs, and even their whims, when the necessaries of life have been secured for all. To-day there are 108 cotton-mills, possessing 715,000 spindles and 26,050 looms, which throw 234 million yards of textiles on the market annually.

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