Hooded seal
You will find below a series of charts and statistical curves of population census of the town of Saint-Martin. [9][10], At Columbus' time, St. Martin was populated, if at all, by Carib amerindians. [15] Precipitation totals are quite variable from year to year, depending on the number of passing tropical cyclones. The Dutch side is more heavily populated. But the two parts have the same population. Euro is the currency in the French part. [14] With the wind direction predominantly from the east or the northeast, northeasterly trades, temperatures remain stable throughout the year and temperatures rarely exceed 34 °C (93 °F) or fall below 20 °C (68 °F). For the French side of the island, see, Franco-Dutch treaty on Saint Martin border controls, List of Sint Maarten leaders of government, Scouting and Guiding in Guadeloupe and Saint Martin, "Démographie des communes de Guadeloupe au recensement de la population de 1999", "Les populations légales 2009 entrent en vigueur le 1er janvier 2012". A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. [5], Collectively, the two territories are known as "Saint-Martin / Sint Maarten", or sometimes "SXM", the IATA identifier for Princess Juliana International Airport, the island's main airport. This is the population pyramid for Saint Martin. [14] Temperatures remain steady throughout the year with an average mean temperature of 27.2 °C (81.0 °F). It frequently suffers thick fog during the hurricane season due to its location. Hiking trails give access to the dry forest covering tops and slopes. English is the most commonly spoken language along with a local dialect. With a population of 41,486 as of January 2019 on an area of 34 km 2 (13 sq mi), it encompasses the southern 40% of the divided island of Saint Martin, while the northern 60% of the island constitutes the French overseas collectivity of Saint-Martin. The point where they eventually met was set as the other extreme of the island, and the subsequently created line was chosen as the frontier, dividing Saint-Martin from Sint Maarten. It is divided between the Kingdom of Netherlands and the French Republic. [citation needed] Then still at war with the Dutch, the Spaniards captured St. Martin in 1633. Slavery was abolished in the first half of the 19th century. The Dutch side is famous for its beaches, nightlife, drinks, and casinos. The religious communities are Roman Catholics, Jehovah’s Witness, Protestants, and the Hindus. In addition to damage caused by high winds, there were reports of serious flood damage to businesses in the village of Marigot. [5] A local English-based creole language is spoken on both sides of the island.[28]. [14] The precipitation patterns are due to the movement of the Azores high during the year. Folklore surrounds the history of the once ever-changing border division between St. Martin and Sint Maarten, and a popular story among locals narrates that "to divide the island into two sections, [in 1648] the inhabitants were told to choose two walkers, one chosen by the French-dominated community and the other one by the Dutch-dominated community, who were put back to back in one extreme of the island, making them walk in opposite directions while stuck to the littoral line, and not allowing them to run. Clear 2 Table. St. Martin: is an overseas collectivity of France Sint Maarten: is a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; Capital Cities: St. Martin: Marigot Sint Maarten: Philipsburg ; Population (entire island): 31,264 (2013 est.) About 85% of the workforce was engaged in the tourist industry. Aviation photographers flock to the airport to capture pictures of large jets just a few metres above sunbathers on Maho Beach.[40]. [15] Thunderstorms can occasionally occur, with 18 days with thunder per year. St. Martin Parish, Louisiana; Louisiana. The main cities are Philipsburg (Dutch side) and Marigot (French side). [6] The Dutch part changed in status to a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 2010 and was given the code SX.[7]. With the exception of Nevis, all of these islands are easily visible on a clear day from St. Martin. The export produce includes salt and sugar. The official languages are French for Saint-Martin, and both Dutch and English for Sint Maarten. Looting was also a serious problem. Martin", "SXM Talks | Sint Maarten News And Discussion", "Aviation Photos: Philipsburg / St. Maarten – Princess Juliana (SXM / TNCM)", "The Impact of Public Policy on Entrepreneurship: A Critical Investigation of the Protestant Ethic on a Divided Island Jurisdiction", "Saint Martin/Sint Maarten: A Case Study of the Effects of Politics and Culture on Economic Development", Official tourist website for LGBT visitors, Princess Juliana International Airport, Sint Maarten, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Saint_Martin_(island)&oldid=983232704, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from January 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2010, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from November 2017, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Afro-Caribbean, European, Chinese, East Indian, and mixed, Source: Meteorological Department Curaçao, This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 01:31. There is a small airport on the French side of the island at Grand Case, L'Espérance Airport for small aircraft serving neighboring Caribbean islands. [16] A total of 11 deaths had been reported as of 9 July 2018. [21][22], Some days after the storm had abated, a survey by the Dutch Red Cross estimated that nearly a third of the buildings in Sint Maarten had been destroyed and that over 90 percent of structures on the island had been damaged. The people also speak French, Dutch, and English. English is the language that is mostly spoken and even a local dialect. For females, it is 33.7 years, and for the males is 31.9 years. Under the Köppen climate classification, the island has a tropical savanna climate (Aw)[13] with a dry season from January to April and a rainy season from August to December. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Sint Maarten divided by total area of the country. [27], On 1 January 2009 the population of the entire island of Saint Martin was 77,741 inhabitants, 40,917 of whom lived on the Dutch side of the island,[4] and 36,824 on the French side. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Sint Maarten. The nickname of the island is ‘The Friendly Island.’. Passport controls are also exercised when taking the ferry from Marigot or Princess Juliana International Airport to Anguilla. News publications on St. Martin include The Daily Herald,[32] Soualiga News Day[33], Soualiga News,[34] St. Maarten News,[35] SMN News,[36] SXM Island Time,[37], and SXM Talks.[38]. Home » World Population » Saint Martin Population. After some delay, the treaty was ratified in November 2006 in the Netherlands and subsequently entered into force on 1 August 2007. Its provisions are not yet implemented as the working group specified in the treaty is not yet installed.


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